Awareness of Lung Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors in General Population
作者: Hanna Maria HansonMait RaagMerje AdratTanel Laisaar
作者单位: 1Rocca al Mare School, Tallinn, Estonia
2Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia
4Lung Clinic, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia
刊名: Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases, 2017, Vol.7 (1), pp.1-11
来源数据库: Scientific Research Publishing Journal
DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2017.71001
原始语种摘要: Introduction: Lung cancer is often diagnosed in a late stage, which might be related to lack of risk factors and symptoms awareness. Aim of this study was to evaluate these factors. Methods: A survey was conducted to assess the awareness of lung cancer risk factors and symptoms. Kruskal-Wallis, Fisher and chi-square tests were used to compare the groups. Results: Altogether 403 participants (108 male; median age 29 (range 13 to 74) years; 98 smokers, 90 ex-smokers and 212 non-smokers) completed the survey (321 filled in online questionnaire, 82 were interviewed face-to-face). Three per cent of the respondents were unable to name any lung cancer risk factor, 36% named one and 61% named two or more. Smoking was mentioned most commonly, others far less often. When presented with a list of...
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  • prognosis 预报
  • chest 胸膛
  • smoking 抽烟
  • Cancer 巨蟹座
  • cough 咳嗽
  • cancer 癌症
  • moderate 适当的
  • named 命名
  • questionnaire 甸表
  • often 往往