Origin and Collapse of Complex Societies in Oaxaca (Mexico): Evaluating the Era from 1965 to the Present
作者: Andrew K. Balkansky
刊名: Journal of World Prehistory, 1998, Vol.12 (4), pp.451-493
来源数据库: JSTOR
原始语种摘要: I summarize recent archaeological work in Oaxaca, Mexico, with a focus on questions central to world prehistory: the origin and collapse of complex societies. Monte Albán was the capital of an emerging civilization in the southern highlands of Mexico during the second half of the first millennium B.C. Soon after the foundation of the ancient city, there is evidence for state formation and a political expansion into regions outside the Valley of Oaxaca. Centuries later, Monte Albán went into decline, giving way to the competing small polities found throughout Oaxaca at the time of the Spanish conquest. Since the late 1960s, our knowledge of these changes has been transformed by study of Oaxaca's pre—Monte Albán past, regional settlement surveys, and processual model building. Evolutionary...
全文获取路径: JSTOR  (合作)

  • Mexico 墨西哥
  • political 政治
  • competing 竞争
  • regional 地方的
  • capital 首都
  • evidence 
  • complex 超群
  • Spanish 西班牙
  • archaeological 考古学的
  • prehistory 史前学