Human Cremation in Mexico 3,000 Years Ago
作者: William N. DuncanAndrew K. BalkanskyKimberly CrawfordHeather A. LaphamNathan J. Meissner
刊名: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2008, Vol.105 (14), pp.5315-5320
来源数据库: JSTOR
关键词: ArchaeologyMixtecBioarchaeologyMortuary practicesMesoamerica
原始语种摘要: Mixtec nobles are depicted in codices and other proto-historic documentation taking part in funerary rites involving cremation. The time depth for this practice was unknown, but excavations at the early village site of Tayata, in the southern state of Oaxaca, Mexico, recovered undisturbed cremation burials in contexts dating from the eleventh century B.C. These are the earliest examples of a burial practice that in later times was reserved for Mixtec kings and Aztec emperors. This article describes the burial contexts and human remains, linking Formative period archaeology with ethnohistorical descriptions of Mixtec mortuary practices. The use of cremation to mark elevated social status among the Mixtec was established by 3,000 years ago, when hereditary differences in rank were first...
全文获取路径: JSTOR  (合作)

  • mortuary 验尸所
  • cremation 焚化
  • reserved 预备的
  • historic 历史的
  • burial 埋葬
  • later 之后
  • village 自然村
  • archaeology 考古学
  • descriptions 详情
  • hereditary 遗传性