Background: It is important to develop further understanding regarding the facilitating and constraining factors that influence participation in daily activities, including social and human rights issues faced by persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) that affect their opportunities to lead full social lives. Objectives: To identify, describe, and compare factors that influence participation in daily activities by persons with SCI living in high-income countries (HICs) and in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Method: We performed a scoping review of 2,406 articles published between 2001 and 2016 that were identified from electronic databases. From these, 58 remained after checking inclusion and exclusion criteria. Analyses included (a) identifying factors that facilitate and... constrain participation in daily activities; (b) categorizing the identified factors as issues related to medical, social, and human rights models; and (c) comparing determinants between LMICs and HICs. Results: The medical model factors pertained to long-term physical health and functional capacities, self-efficacy and adjustment skills, relearning capacities for performing daily activities, and availability of cost-effective adaptive equipment. The social model factors pertained to developing accommodating communities (accessible environments and mutual understanding). The factors of the human rights model pertained to autonomy (empowerment) and development of social justice (application of policies, advocacy, and negotiation). Conclusion: Eight lessons are proposed to enhance health and functional abilities, ensure disability friendly environments, develop social justice, and provide empowerment to enhance participation in daily activities among person with SCI living in LMICs.