Revisiting the Motivations behind Remittance Behavior: Evidence of Debt-Financed Migration from Afghanistan
作者: Craig LoschmannMelissa Siegel
作者单位: 1Maastricht Graduate School of Governance & UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University.
刊名: Migration Letters, 2015, Vol.12 (1), pp.38-49
来源数据库: Transnational Press
原始语种摘要: In an insecure environment like Afghanistan it is believed that many families consider establishing household members at different geographic locations, frequently abroad, as a way to hedge against risks to a sustainable livelihood. With this in mind, this study examines whether such a migration strategy rests on remittance transfers as an alternative source of income, exploiting the way in which migration is financed as a discriminating factor. Our results show remittance transfers are lower for debt-financed migrants, and the influence of certain individual and household characteristics are in line with what we would expect if altruism is the dominating motivation. In light of this finding, we speculate that the sending of household members abroad as a risk-coping strategy may be less...
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  • household 
  • income 收入
  • Afghanistan 阿富汗斯坦绒头地毯
  • sustainable 能保持一定速度的
  • strategy 战略
  • security 可靠性
  • altruism 利他现象
  • members 
  • alternative 可选择的
  • hedge 绿篱