Traditionally, the study of vernacular architecture has had an eminently constructive and typological approach. Faced with this materialist and formalist paradigm, this paper proposes a case study from a decidedly cultural perspective. It is applied to a dovecote in Tierra de Campos, but not a typical one. It is a hybrid architecture; in use and rebuilt with industrial materials. The research will show the importance of contextual studies and the need to focus research on the human factor, because this is what the values that reflect the attributes of vernacular architecture refer to. Likewise, it will reveal that dovecots in Tierra de Campos have a tradition and historical significance very different from what has been thinked. It is intended, definitely, to reach the most complete... understanding possible of a vernacular architecture through the (cultural) bases that define its specificity as such and as a Heritage.