|作者：||S. H. Advani (Deceased), T. S. Lee, R. H. Dean, C. K. Pak, J. M. Avasthi|
1SOKANG University, Seoul, Korea
2 ARCO E&P Technology Co., Plano, Texas, U.S.A.
3 DAEWOO Advanced Research Institute, Yongin, Korea
4 Chevson Petroleum Technology Co., Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
|刊名：||International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 1997, Vol.21 (4), pp.229-240|
|关键词：||hydraulic fracture; fluid lag; excess pressure;|
|原始语种摘要：||Abstract(#br)Research investigations on three‐dimensional (3‐D) rectangular hydraulic fracture configurations with varying degrees of fluid lag are reported. This paper demonstrates that a 3‐D fracture model coupled with fluid lag (a small region of reduced pressure) at the fracture tip can predict very large excess pressure measurements for hydraulic fracture processes. Predictions of fracture propagation based on critical stress intensity factors are extremely sensitive to the pressure profile at the tip of a propagating fracture. This strong sensitivity to the pressure profile at the tip of a hydraulic fracture is more strongly pronounced in 3‐D models versus 2‐D models because 3‐D fractures are clamped at the top and bottom, and pressures in the 3‐D fractures that are far removed from... the fracture tip have little effect on the stress intensity factor at the fracture tip. This rationale for the excess pressure mechanism is in marked contrast to the crack tip process damage zone assumptions and attendant high rock fracture toughness value hypotheses advanced in the literature. A comparison with field data is presented to illustrate the proposed fracture fluid pressure sensitivity phenomenon. This paper does not attempt to calculate the length of the fluid lag region in a propagating fracture but instead attempts to show that the pressure profile at the tip of the propagating fracture plays a major role in fracture propagation, and this role is magnified in 3‐D models. © 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Int. J. Numer. Anal. Meth. Geomech., vol. 21, 229–240 (1997).|