Biological Monitoring of Solar UV Radiation at 17 Sites in Asia, Europe and South America from 1999 to 2004
作者: Nobuo MunakataSantoso CornainMpu KanokoKetut MulyadiSri LestariWidodo WirohadidjojoDavid BolseéStelios KazadzisVictor Meyer‐RochowNelson SchuchClaudio CasicciaMotohisa KanekoChung‐Ming LiuKowichi JimbowToshiaki SaidaChikako NishigoriKatsumi OgataKazuhiro InafukuKotaro HiedaMasamitsu Ichihashi
作者单位: 1Biophysics Laboratory and Frontier Project “Life's Adaptation Strategies to Environmental Changes,” Faculty of Science, Rikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan
2 Department of Anatomic Pathology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
3 Department of Anatomic Pathology, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
4 Dermatology and Venereology Department, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
5 Department of Dermatology, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
6 Belgian Institute of Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium
7 Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
8 Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
9 School of Engineering and Science, IUB, Bremen, Germany
10 Southern Regional Space Research Centre (CRSPE/INPE‐MCT), Santa Maria, Brazil
11 Ozone and UV Radiation Laboratory, University of Magallanes, Punta Arenas, Chile
12 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
13 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, China
14 Department of Dermatology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
15 Department of Dermatology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
16 Department of Dermatology, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
17 Department of Dermatology, Miyazaki University, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, Japan
18 Division of Dermatology, Department of Organ Oriented Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan
刊名: Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2006, Vol.82 (3), pp.689-694
来源数据库: Wiley Journal
DOI: 10.1562/2005-07-07-RA-602
原始语种摘要: ABSTRACT(#br)A small and robust dosimeter for determining the biologically effective dose of ambient UV radiation has been developed using UV‐sensitive mutant spores of Bacillus subtilis strain TKJ6312. A membrane filter with four spots of the spores was snapped to a slide mount. The slide was wrapped and covered with two or more layers of polyethylene sheet to protect the sample from rain and snow and to reduce monthly‐cumulative doses within the measurable range. From 1999, monthly data were collected at 17 sites for more than 1 year, and data for 4 to 6 consecutive years were obtained from 12 sites. Yearly total values of the spore inactivation dose (SID) ranged from 3200 at subarctic Oulu to 96000 at tropical Denpasar, and the mean yearly values of SID exhibited an exponential...
全文获取路径: Wiley  (合作)

  • tropical 热带的
  • latitude 纬度
  • yearly 一年一次
  • climatic 气候的
  • monthly 月刊的
  • mostly 大部分
  • years 年代
  • dosimeter 剂量计
  • radiation 辐射
  • observed 观察到的