|作者：||Fani Lalidou, George Kolios, Georgios I Drosos|
1Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupolis, Greece.
2Laboratory of Pharmacology Medical School Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupolis, Greece.
3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis Alexandroupolis, Greece.
|刊名：||Surgical technology international, 2014, Vol.24|
|来源数据库：||Surgical Technology Online|
|原始语种摘要：||Osteomyelitis is a bone infection by micro-organisms. Despite advances in antibiotics and operative techniques, osteomyelitis remains an orthopaedic challenge and expensive to treat. Antimicrobial therapy is adequate for the treatment of most cases of acute osteomyelitis of any type, provided that diagnosis is made early. The treatment of chronic osteomyelitis is operative followed by adjunctive antibiotic therapy. Apart from surgical debridement and systemic antibiotic treatment, local antibiotic treatment by using various antibiotic delivery vehicles is a preferred method by most surgeons. Antibiotic-loaded bone cement (polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA) is the most widely used material and represents the current standard as an antibiotic delivery vehicle in orthopaedic surgery. Despite... that, there are some disadvantages or concerns about the use of antibiotic-loaded PMMA that have led to the use of bioabsorbable or biodegradable material. Although the number of clinical studies is small, it seems that antibiotic-loaded hydroxyapatite and calcium sulfate are safe methods for local antibiotic delivery. They deliver great amounts of antibiotics locally with serum concentrations in safe margins, they obliterate the dead space, and aid in bone repair, while there is no need for a second operation for their removal. The purpose of this article is to review the recent literature concerning osteomyelitis and local antibiotic treatment with special reference to bone graft substitutes as vehicles for local antibiotic delivery.|