Nova Scotia is currently in the process of developing a biomass energy industry, with a current installed capacity of 105MW, and a further 33.75MW due to come on-line between 2015 and 2018 under the NS Community Feed-in-Tariff (COMFIT) Program across the province. This new demand for resources by the biomass energy sector combined with the needs of existing biomass users which include heat production (residential and commercial), pulp and paper, lumber and wood production, has the potential to compound the existing issues relating to biomass sustainability within the province. This issue is already being demonstrated within the province with the largest biomass energy facility obtaining half of its feedstock from primary forest products, despite initial plans indicating that it would only... be using wood waste products. While the use of biomass contributes to the reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions and contributes to Nova Scotia’s Renewable Energy targets, a detailed understanding of this new industry, how it can move forward and where and how its biomass feedstocks will be obtained and managed needs to be undertaken. This paper looks to identify where these existing and new facilities are going to be located, what challenges they face in relation to feedstock acquisition and how the industry could meet these challenges through the use of agricultural biomass products.