Context matters: the significance of non-economic conditions for income–pollution relationships in Chile and Peru
作者: José Carlos Orihuela
作者单位: 1Department of Economics, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
刊名: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2013, Vol.3 (4), pp.391-403
来源数据库: Springer Nature Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s13412-013-0141-0
关键词: EKCHuman ecologyConditionsMechanismsInterdisciplinary dialogueChilePeru
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) states that societies reverse air pollution once an income threshold is reached, which many scholars seem to read as a universal law. Proponents of the EKC have not explored empirically the conditions and mechanisms underpinning such an expected income–pollution relationship. With a comparative analytical study of the evolution of air pollution in the middle-income countries of Chile and Peru, this paper shows that the way economic development affects environmental quality is conditioned by interplaying ecological, cognitive, and political conditions. The evidence supports the view that income–environment relationships, in general, and air quality turning points, in particular, are influenced by highly idiosyncratic human-ecology context....
全文获取路径: Springer Nature  (合作)

  • income 收入
  • economic 经济的
  • Chile 智利
  • conditions 条件式
  • pollution 污染
  • significance 显著性