Converging Divergence: the Diffusion of the Green State in Latin America
作者: José Carlos Orihuela
作者单位: 1Departamento de Economía, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
刊名: Studies in Comparative International Development, 2014, Vol.49 (2), pp.242-265
来源数据库: Springer Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s12116-013-9147-6
关键词: DiffusionGlobal blueprintsGreen stateInstitutional entrepreneursInstitutionalisms
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)Global processes of policy diffusion result in different types of state development. A broad view of environmentalist reform in Latin America easily reads as top-down diffusion of blueprints and institutional convergence. But such a thesis is reductionist and ultimately misleading, case studies demonstrate. First, diffusion mechanisms matter for divergence: when normative and mimetic mechanisms are relatively strong vis-à-vis coercive forces, formal state change is followed by more meaningful real state change; when the coercive mechanism rules unmatched, green state change ends up being formal for the most part. Secondly, institutional entrepreneurs face shifting opportunity structures for political change; because these opportunities are never uniform, national experiences...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • Latin 拉丁语
  • America 美洲