Clinical safety and effectiveness of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in post-operative analgesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
作者: Ning MaJoanna K. DuncanAnje J. ScarfeSusanne SchuhmannAlun L. Cameron
作者单位: 1Surgical (ASERNIP-S), Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
2KAGes, Styrian Hospitals Holding
刊名: Journal of Anesthesia, 2017, Vol.31 (3), pp.432-452
来源数据库: Springer Nature Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s00540-017-2323-5
关键词: Transversus abdominis planeNerve blockPostoperative analgesiaMeta-analysis
英文摘要: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks can provide analgesia postoperatively for a range of surgeries. Abundant clinical trials have assessed TAP block showing positive analgesic effects. This systematic review assesses safety and effectiveness outcomes of TAP block in all clinical settings, comparing with both active (standard care) and inactive (placebo) comparators. PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and the University of York CRD databases were searched. RCTs were screened for their eligibility and assessed for risk of bias. Meta-analyses were performed on available data. TAP block showed an equivalent safety profile to all comparators in the incidence of nausea (OR = 1.07) and vomiting (OR = 0.81). TAP block was more effective in reducing morphine consumption [MD = 13.05, 95% CI...
原始语种摘要: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks can provide analgesia postoperatively for a range of surgeries. Abundant clinical trials have assessed TAP block showing positive analgesic effects. This systematic review assesses safety and effectiveness outcomes of TAP block in all clinical settings, comparing with both active (standard care) and inactive (placebo) comparators. PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and the University of York CRD databases were searched. RCTs were screened for their eligibility and assessed for risk of bias. Meta-analyses were performed on available data. TAP block showed an equivalent safety profile to all comparators in the incidence of nausea (OR = 1.07) and vomiting (OR = 0.81). TAP block was more effective in reducing morphine consumption [MD = 13.05, 95% CI...
全文获取路径: Springer Nature  (合作)
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影响因子:0.867 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • analgesia 痛觉缺失
  • TAP Transient Acoustic Propagation
  • block 滑车
  • abdominis 腹肌痛
  • analgesic 镇痛药
  • operative 有法律效力
  • effectiveness 有效性
  • systematic 有系统的
  • vomiting 呕吐
  • plane 平面