Too polluted to work? The gendered correlates of air pollution on hours worked
作者: Guillermo Montt
作者单位: 1Research Department, International Labour Office
刊名: IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2018, Vol.7 (1), pp.1-18
来源数据库: Springer Journal
DOI: 10.1186/s40172-018-0067-6
关键词: Air pollutionHours workedHealthCareGender
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)Air pollution affects workers’ ability to work by damaging their own health, but also by damaging the health of their dependents. This paper draws on 20 years of air pollution and employment data from Santiago, Chile, a highly polluted metropolis, particularly in fall and winter months. The paper finds that though air pollution is not associated to a reduction in overall hours worked, it does so for women and particularly for women with children. Weeks with pollution at 100 μg/m 3 , common for Santiago, see double the gender difference in working hours. It is hypothesised that children, unable to go to school, must stay home and cared for. These findings suggest that air pollution may contribute to gender inequality through the gendered-biased distribution of care...
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