Urinary Cadmium and Cotinine Levels and Hair Mercury Levels in Czech Children and Their Mothers Within the Framework of the COPHES/DEMOCOPHES Projects
作者: Kateřina ForysováAnna Pinkr-GrafnetterováMarek MalýAndrea KrskováJaroslav MrázLucie KašparováMája ČejchanováLenka SochorováSylva RödlováMilena Černá
作者单位: 1Charles University
2Regional Public Health Authority in Liberec
3National Institute of Public Health
刊名: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2017, Vol.73 (3), pp.421-430
来源数据库: Springer Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s00244-017-0412-y
关键词: CotinineGeometric MeanEnvironmental Tobacco SmokeCotinine LevelEnvironmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure
英文摘要: The COPHES/DEMOCOPHES twin project was performed in 2011–2012 in 17 European countries to harmonize all steps of the human biomonitoring survey. Urinary cadmium, cotinine, phthalate metabolites, and hair mercury were measured in children ( N = 120, 6–11 years) and their mothers of reproductive age, living in urban or rural areas. Cadmium in mothers’ and children’s urine was detected at a geometric mean (GM) concentration 0.227 and 0.109 μg/L, respectively; 95th percentile (P95) was 0.655 and 0.280 μg/L in mothers and children, respectively. No age-related, education-related, or urban versus rural differences were observed within the frame of each population group. Cadmium urinary level in mothers was about twofold compared with children. Higher levels were obtained in all smoking mothers...
原始语种摘要: The COPHES/DEMOCOPHES twin project was performed in 2011–2012 in 17 European countries to harmonize all steps of the human biomonitoring survey. Urinary cadmium, cotinine, phthalate metabolites, and hair mercury were measured in children ( N = 120, 6–11 years) and their mothers of reproductive age, living in urban or rural areas. Cadmium in mothers’ and children’s urine was detected at a geometric mean (GM) concentration 0.227 and 0.109 μg/L, respectively; 95th percentile (P95) was 0.655 and 0.280 μg/L in mothers and children, respectively. No age-related, education-related, or urban versus rural differences were observed within the frame of each population group. Cadmium urinary level in mothers was about twofold compared with children. Higher levels were obtained in all smoking mothers...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • Czech 捷克人
  • mercury 
  • cotinine 可铁宁
  • Mercury 水星水银
  • values 价值观
  • urine 尿
  • level 水准
  • respectively 分别
  • higher 
  • ETS Electronic Timing Set