Immersive bilingualism reshapes the core of the brain
作者: Christos PliatsikasVincent DeLucaElisavet MoschopoulouJames Douglas Saddy
作者单位: 1University of Reading
刊名: Brain Structure and Function, 2017, Vol.222 (4), pp.1785-1795
来源数据库: Springer Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s00429-016-1307-9
关键词: BilingualismBasal gangliaThalamusStructural MRIImmersion
英文摘要: Bilingualism has been shown to affect the structure of the brain, including cortical regions related to language. Less is known about subcortical structures, such as the basal ganglia, which underlie speech monitoring and language selection, processes that are crucial for bilinguals, as well as other linguistic functions, such as grammatical and phonological acquisition and processing. Simultaneous bilinguals have demonstrated significant reshaping of the basal ganglia and the thalamus compared to monolinguals. However, it is not clear whether these effects are due to learning of the second language (L2) at a very young age or simply due to continuous usage of two languages. Here, we show that bilingualism-induced subcortical effects are directly related to the amount of continuous L2...
原始语种摘要: Bilingualism has been shown to affect the structure of the brain, including cortical regions related to language. Less is known about subcortical structures, such as the basal ganglia, which underlie speech monitoring and language selection, processes that are crucial for bilinguals, as well as other linguistic functions, such as grammatical and phonological acquisition and processing. Simultaneous bilinguals have demonstrated significant reshaping of the basal ganglia and the thalamus compared to monolinguals. However, it is not clear whether these effects are due to learning of the second language (L2) at a very young age or simply due to continuous usage of two languages. Here, we show that bilingualism-induced subcortical effects are directly related to the amount of continuous L2...
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来源刊物:
影响因子:7.837 (2012)

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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • usage 使用率
  • reshaping 整形
  • learning 学识
  • dynamic 动力学的
  • brain 
  • monitoring 监视
  • selection 选择
  • continuous 连续的
  • second 
  • subcortical 皮质下的