Moral Economies in Science: From Ideal to Pragmatic
作者: Janet Atkinson-GrosjeanCory Fairley
作者单位: 1WM Young Centre for Applied Ethics, University of British Columbia
刊名: Minerva, 2009, Vol.47 (2), pp.147-170
来源数据库: Springer Nature Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s11024-009-9121-7
关键词: Moral economies in scienceMaterial conditions of scienceScientific communitiesComparative casesDrosophila geneticsAmerican astronomyEthical drug companiesPatent medicinesRational choiceUtilityPragmatism
英文摘要: Abstract(#br)In the following pages we discuss three historical cases of moral economies in science: Drosophila genetics, late twentieth century American astronomy, and collaborations between American drug companies and medical scientists in the interwar years. An examination of the most striking differences and similarities between these examples, and the conflicts internal to them, reveals constitutive features of moral economies, and the ways in which they are formed, negotiated, and altered. We critically evaluate these three examples through the filters of rational choice, utility, and American pragmatism, using the latter to support the conclusion that there is no single vision of moral economies in science and no single theory—moral, political, social—that will explain them. These...
全文获取路径: Springer Nature  (合作)
影响因子:0.884 (2012)

  • Ideal 铜镍合金