An assessment of vegetation and environmental controls in the 1970s of the Mesopotamian wetlands of southern Iraq
作者: Majeed R. A. Al-HilliBarry G. WarnerTaro AsadaAli Douabul
作者单位: 1Department of Biotechnology, University of Baghdad
2Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Canada-Iraq Marshlands Initiative, University of Waterloo
3Marine Sciences Centre, Faculty of Science, and Canada-Iraq Marshlands Initiative, University of Basrah
刊名: Wetlands Ecology and Management, 2009, Vol.17 (3), pp.207-223
来源数据库: Springer Nature Journal
DOI: 10.1007/s11273-008-9099-1
关键词: Environmental relationshipsIraqMarshesMesopotamiaMiddle EastPlant ecologyVegetationWetlands
原始语种摘要: Abstract(#br)A vast ecosystem of wetlands and lakes once covered the Mesopotamian Plain of southern Iraq. Widespread drainage in the 1990s nearly obliterated both components of the landscape. This paper reports the results of a study undertaken in 1972–1975 on the vegetation of the wetlands prior to drainage and provides a unique baseline for gauging future restoration of the wetland ecosystems in Mesopotamia. Five representative study sites were used to assess the flora, three of which were wetlands. A total of 371 plant species were recorded in the five sites, of which approximately 40% represent obligate or facultative wetland species. The wetland vegetation was classified into five major physiognomic forms (submerged, floating, herbaceous tall emergent, herbaceous low emergent and...
全文获取路径: Springer Nature  (合作)
影响因子:1.076 (2012)

  • assessment 评价
  • controls 控制机构
  • southern 南边的
  • vegetation 植被
  • environmental 环境的