“People first” is one of the guiding principle of post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction (PERR) in China. Residents’ satisfaction should be one of the objects of PERR. The article examines the satisfaction level of residents in Lushan county of Sichuan Province, an area stricken both by the Wenchuan M s8.0 earthquake in 2008 and the Lushan M s7.0 earthquake in 2013. Census data and factor analysis were used for analysis. Based on the result of data analysis, eight factors are selected to indicate residents’ satisfaction: the relation of resident, infrastructure and employment, social security, the effect of disaster mitigation, natural environment, social affair, owner-occupied housing, price of commodities. Based on result of this study, some recommendations are put forward.