Psychological Biases Affecting Human Cognitive Performance in Dynamic Operational Environments
作者: Kenichi TAKANOJames REASON
作者单位: 1Human Factors Research Center , Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) , Iwadokita , Komae-shi , 201-8511
2Department of Psychology , The University of Manchester , Oxford Road , Manchester , M13 9PL , UK
刊名: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 1999, Vol.36 (11), pp.1041-1051
来源数据库: Taylor & Francis Journal
DOI: 10.1080/18811248.1999.9726296
关键词: Human errorCognitive taskCognitive processPsychological biasPerformance shaping factorMultivariate analysisNuclear power plants
原始语种摘要: In order to identify cognitive error mechanisms observed in the dynamic operational environment, the following materials were analyzed giving special attention to psychological biases, together with possible cognitive tasks and these location, and internal and external performance shaping factors: (a) 13 human factors analyses of US nuclear power plant accidents, (b) 14 cases of Japanese nuclear power plant incidents, and (c) 23 cases collected in simulator experiments. In the resulting analysis, the most frequently identified cognitive process associated with error productions was situation assessment, and following varieties were KB processes and response planning, all of that were the higher cognitive activities. Over 70% of human error cases, psychological bias was affecting to...
全文获取路径: Taylor & Francis  (合作)
影响因子:1.033 (2012)

  • process 过程
  • error 误差
  • following 追踪
  • especially 特别地
  • multivariate 多元
  • special 特别的
  • operational 运算的
  • cognitive 修]认知[识
  • together 共同
  • shaping 成形