Plucking enhanced beneath ice sheet margins: evidence from the Grampian Mountains, Scotland
作者: David E. SugdenAdrian M. HallWilliam M. PhillipsMargaret A. Stewart
作者单位: 1School of GeoSciences , University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK
2Department of Physical Geography , Stockholm University , Stockholm , Sweden
3Idaho Geological Survey , University of Idaho , Moscow , ID , USA
4British Geological Survey , The Lyell Centre , Edinburgh , UK
刊名: Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 2019, Vol.101 (1), pp.34-44
来源数据库: Taylor & Francis Journal
DOI: 10.1080/04353676.2018.1539829
关键词: Glacial erosionPluckingIce sheetsPleistocene
原始语种摘要: ABSTRACT(#br)Concentrations of boulders are a common feature of landscapes modified by former mid-latitude ice sheets. In many cases, the origin of the boulders can be traced in the up-ice direction to a cliff only tens to hundreds of metres distant. The implication is that a pulse of plucking and short boulder transport occurred beneath thin ice at the end of the last glacial cycle. Here we use a case study in granite bedrock in the Dee Valley, Scotland, to constrain theory and explore the factors involved in such a late phase of plucking. Plucking is influenced by ice velocity, hydrology, effective ice pressure, the extent of subglacial cavities and bedrock characteristics. The balance between these factors favours block removal beneath thin ice near a glacier margin. At Ripe Hill in...
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  • sheet 岩席
  • glacial 冰用的
  • glaciation 冰川酌
  • Pleistocene 更新世
  • plucking 冰川拔削
  • bedrock 基岩
  • marginal 境界的
  • meltwater 溶雪水
  • beneath 劣于
  • granite 花岗岩