Abstract(#br)Taiwan's 2000 presidential election ushered in the first peaceful transfer of political power since democratization began in the mid-1980s, shifting control of the government from the Kuomintang to the Democratic Progressive Party. This article compares the two governments' approaches to Taiwan's water management under the impact of democratization and emergent environmental movements to analyze the continuity and change of water policies. This study illustrates that democratization has both positive and negative effects on managing Taiwan's water resources. The DPP government's water solutions are not much different from those of its precursor, though it came to power with the help of environmental movements. It is also as committed in most aspects as its precursor in... managing Taiwan's water resources for economic growth. Nevertheless, it is more willing to look for alternatives. Furthermore, under the impact of democratization, both governments have encountered difficulties, and a lack of political will in some cases, in implementing water policies. Instead of decentralization, democratization has resulted in centralization of water management institutions and water policy making in Taiwan. This centralizing approach may increase the government's water policy capacity but run counter to certain expectations in the environmental community and limits the government's responsiveness to local and civic demands. The process of policy making may thus need further reforms to accommodate conflicting social interests and to gain more support from local governments in water policies implementation. That, in turn, may improve the policy effectiveness of managing Taiwan's water resources.