My practice has often been understood to act, in part, through its materiality, which I refer to as a translation. In a work like Sarah , which placed four slabs of lipstick in reference to the hard, cold steel of Richard Serra's One Ton Prop (House of Cards) , the materials signify and act in gendered ways. The positions of masculine or feminine are not fixed, and I build away from initial art-historical references and offer the potential for ever-changing canons and trajectories of art. Significantly, scholarship in transgender studies explores the biological and cultural along with the use/absence of make-up as a transmogrifier. The materials are not essentially feminine, but we experience them through a culture that desires bodies to be gendered and sexualized. Although these bodies... are absent in much of my work, their sexualized presence is referenced through the cosmetics I employ.