From the mountains to the plains: impact of climate change on water resources in the Koshi River Basin
作者: Bharati, LunaBhattarai, UtsavKhadka, AmbikaGurung, Pabitra Neumann, L. E.Penton, D. J.Dhaubanjar, SanitaNepal, S.
出版社: International Water Management Institute (IWMI),   2019
ISBN: 978-92-9090-885-2
来源数据库: International Water Management Institute
DOI: 10.5337/2019.205
关键词: Climate changeClimatic dataWater resourcesWater balanceWater yieldWater availabilityMountainsPlainsRiver basin managementSoil analysisSoil water balanceCalibrationSpatial distributionHydropowerPrecipitationEvapotranspirationTemperatureRainfallMonsoon climateCatchment areasHydrological dataImpact assessmentModelsFlow dischargeRunoffLand useSeasonal variation
原始语种摘要: The Koshi Basin, spread across China, Nepal and India, is perceived as having high potential for hydropower and irrigation development, both seen as ways to promote economic development in the region. This paper quantifies and assesses the past and projected future spatial and temporal water balances in the Koshi Basin. Results show that precipitation and net water yield are lowest in the transmountain region and the Tibetan plateau. The values are highest in the mountain region, followed by the hills and Indo-Gangetic Plains. Approximately 65% of average annual precipitation is converted to flows, indicating high water availability. Actual evapotranspiration is highest in the Indo-Gangetic Plains region due to the presence of irrigated agriculture and a few forested mountain watersheds....
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  • climate 气候
  • Basin 水池
  • precipitation 沉淀
  • change 变化
  • water 
  • mountains 山地
  • transmountain 穿山的
  • resources 资源
  • basin 盆地
  • region 地域