Recovering bioenergy in Sub-Saharan Africa: gender dimensions, lessons and challenges
作者: Njenga, M.Mendum, R.
出版社: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE),   2018
ISBN: 978-92-9090-877-7
来源数据库: International Water Management Institute
DOI: 10.5337/2018.226
关键词: Resource recoveryResource managementBioenergyGenderRole of womenEquityPovertyEnergy generationEnergy demandEnergy resourcesRenewable energyCookingHeatingWaste managementHuman wastesExcretaFuelsBriquettesBusiness enterprisesMarketingSanitationUrban areasHouseholdsRefugeesSupply chainProduction factorsHealth hazardsEconomic impactBiogasBiocharBiomassInvestmentEmpowermentLiving standardsFarmers organizationsBiodigestersGasifiersCommunity
原始语种摘要: There is a strong link between gender and energy in view of food preparation and the acquisition of fuel, especially in rural areas. This is demonstrated in a range of case studies from East and West Africa, where biochar, human waste and other waste resources have been used to produce briquettes or biogas as additional high-quality fuel sources. The synthesis of the cases concludes that resource recovery and reuse for energy offers an alternative to conventional centralized grid projects which, while attractive to investors and large-scale enterprises, do not necessarily provide job opportunities for marginalized communities. Reusing locally available waste materials for energy production and as soil ameliorant (in the case of biochar) in small enterprises allows women and youth who lack...
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  • dimensions 面积
  • enterprises 关系企业
  • standards 规程
  • resources 资源
  • management 管理
  • Energy 能量
  • gender 性别
  • Equity 衡平法
  • especially 特别地
  • demand 需用电力