A hybrid approach to decolonize formal water law in Africa
作者: van Koppen, BarbaraSchreiner, B.
出版社: International Water Management Institute (IWMI),   2018
ISBN: 978-92-9090-870-8
来源数据库: International Water Management Institute
DOI: 10.5337/2018.219
关键词: LegislationLegal pluralismCustomary lawWater lawWater resourcesWater usersWater useWater rightsWater managementWater allocationWater policyWater governanceWater distributionWater securityColonialismEconomic aspectsState interventionAuthoritiesInvestmentRural populationPolitical aspectsRegulationsSmall scale systemsEquityMarginalization
原始语种摘要: In recent decades, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have pursued national water permit systems, derived from the colonial era and reinforced by “global best practice.” These systems have proved logistically impossible to manage and have worsened inequality in water access. A new study conducted by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Pegasys Institute, with support from the UK government, traces the origins of these systems, and describes their implementation and consequences for rural smallholders in five countries – Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe. The authors of this report propose a hybrid water use rights system to decolonize Africa’s water law, lighten the administrative burden on the state and make legal access to water more equitable. This...
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  • Africa 非洲
  • approach 
  • management 管理
  • governance 统治方式
  • water 
  • systems 系统科学与软件
  • allocation 分配
  • Equity 衡平法
  • security 可靠性
  • resources 资源