Reconsidering the Crisis Agreements of the 1930s: The Defence of Democracy in a Comparative Scandinavian Perspective
作者: Kristina Krake
作者单位: 1Faculty of Humanities , Department of Modern Foreign Languages and Cultures , P.C. Hoofthuis , Room 6.02 , University of Amsterdam , Spuistraat 134 , 1012 VB Amsterdam
刊名: Contemporary European History, 2020, Vol.29 (1), pp.1-15
来源数据库: Cambridge University Press Journal
DOI: 10.1017/S0960777318000607
原始语种摘要: This article examines the Scandinavian countries’ response to extreme political movements in the interwar period. Historians have considered the crisis agreements of the 1930s as pivotal to Scandinavian resistance to fascism. The present article revises this explanation by conducting a comparative empirical study of political practice and rhetoric. The comparison makes it clear that the socio-economic measures were primarily aimed at combating the economic crisis. However, the social democratic labour parties conceptualised their social and economic policy as a defence of democracy after Hitler seized power in Germany. The findings indicate that the social democratic solution to the depression in Scandinavia left no political space for either communism or fascism.
全文获取路径: Cambridge U Press 

  • Scandinavian 斯堪的纳维亚
  • political 政治
  • economic 经济的
  • interwar 两次战争之间的
  • crisis 危机
  • social 群居的
  • empirical 经验的
  • explanation 说明
  • fascism 法西斯主义
  • extreme 极端的