V.A. Soukhanovskii, R. Maingi, D.A. Gates, J.E. Menard, S.F. Paul, R. Raman, A.L. Roquemore, R.E. Bell, C.E. Bush, R. Kaita, H.W. Kugel, B.P. LeBlanc, D. Mueller, the NSTX Team
||Nuclear Fusion, 2009, Vol.49 (9), pp.095025 (10pp)
||Institute of Physics Journal
Experiments conducted in high-performance 1.0 and 1.2 MA 6 MW NBI-heated H-mode discharges with a high magnetic flux expansion radiative divertor in NSTX demonstrate that significant divertor peak heat flux reduction and access to detachment may be facilitated naturally in a highly shaped spherical torus (ST) configuration. Improved plasma performance with high βt = 15–25%, a high bootstrap current fraction f BS = 45–50%, longer plasma pulses and an H-mode regime with smaller ELMs has been achieved in the strongly shaped lower single null configuration with elongation κ = 2.2–2.4 and triangularity δ = 0.7–0.8. Divertor peak heat fluxes were reduced from 6–12 to 0.5–2 MW m−2 in ELMy H-mode discharges using the inherently high magnetic flux expansion f... m = 15–25 and the partial detachment of the outer strike point at several D2 injection rates. A good core confinement and pedestal characteristics were maintained, while the core carbon concentration and the associated Z eff were reduced. The partially detached divertor regime was characterized by an increase in divertor radiated power, a reduction in ion flux to the plate and a large neutral compression ratio. Spectroscopic measurements indicated the formation of a high-density, low-temperature region adjacent to the outer strike point, where substantial increases in the volume recombination rate and C II, C III emission rates were measured.