This aim of this study is to explore the development assistance system and its multiple challenges in the global economy: an obstacle for assisted countries. Development aid is one of the instruments of international cooperation whose primary objective is to facilitate trade in the context of globalization. It deserves to be approached systemically to understand the different monetary and human flows and to build networks of actors developing reciprocal interdependencies. For example, development aid to poor countries can be broken down into four main variants: “budget assistance,” “technical assistance,” “project assistance” and “emergency assistance.” According to the authors, development aid must be analyzed in relation to the overall socio-economic and political context (on the donor... country side) and local (in the assisted country), acting on the networking links developed by the actors involved. It is thus asserted in the asymmetry of the power relations between the players in the framework of international relations. Donation refers, by analogy, to altruism, philanthropy, the notions of “good” and “evil,” and morality. He also suggests the idea of the ethics of reciprocity, the golden rule, in other words: “Do to others what you would like to be done if you were in their situation.” As “The Golden Rule, states: ‘Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.’ Rather than doing to others what they have done to us or giving them what they may deserve, we are to treat them the way we want them to treat us.