ABSTRACTTraumatic bone cyst (TBC) is an uncommon disorder of the jaw bones, as well as other skeletal bones, particularly the long bones. Traumat ic bone cyst is an asymptomatic , slow growing lesion commonly diagnosed incidentally during routine radio graphic examination of the jaw bones. Of the jaw bones, mandible is affected much more than the maxilla. The etiology is unclear and trauma cannot be defnitely determined to be the cause. Surgical exploration of the cavity is curative in most cases and do not require any other treatment. We present two well documented, radio-graphically and histopathologically confirmed cases of TBC involving the jaw bones. Based on the literature available, the etiopathogenesis, treatment, asso ciations and possible complications of this disorder have been... discussed.How to cite this article: Sathyan P, Joseph TI, Jacob G. Traumatic Bone Cyst of the Jaws: A Report of Two Cases and Review. Oral Maxillofac Pathol J 2015;6(1):589-593.