The world is witnessing a continuous conflict between limited resources and necessary requirements. Therefore, most nations revise its priorities and concentrate on quality. Each nation depends on its gifted citizens to face this challenge. This requires early care for this sector in all educational institutes. Libraries are the best places for identifying and motivating gifted people through providing them with informational activities, services and materials suitable for their mental and creative abilities to continue their pursuit of learning. The main question the current study is trying to answer is: what is the role of libraries and information centers in supporting this distinct group of the society? The real problem is that most types of libraries are directed to older age groups... of students who are not gifted, and their informational needs can be easily identified and fulfilled. This is why libraries, with their traditional objectives, can not provide the gifted people, who may be the most important group that needs information, with its services. Early identification of the gifted individual is the only way to preserve his/her gift. Therefore, public and school libraries are responsible for identifying and caring for gifted children and fulfilling their informational needs to improve the society as these two types are the first to deal with children since a very young age. The current study is trying to explore the opinions of librarians in public and school libraries about the role of the two types in supporting talents and gifted children, especially in Alexandria, through a field study for the two types in Alexandria during the school year (2016-2017). The study also identified the concept of "talent" and factors affecting it in addition to the role of school and public libraries in developing children's culture and identifying and fostering the gifted ones through supporting their creative ideas. In addition, the study explored the need for library services to do so and the role of librarians in successful dealing with the gifted, fulfilling their needs and overcoming their problems. The study also discussed the professional needs of librarians that include training and professional development. Results indicated that there are some variances in opinions about the concept of talent and characteristics of gifted children although a consistent definition is needed to build gifted care programs upon. Information in needed for improving the skills of gifted. Information technology and telecommunication should be integrated in providing gifted with services and activities. This integration is reflected on the educational process and confirmed the role of modern e-libraries. Results also clarified the current situation of school and public libraries in Alexandria and the services they provide the gifted with to fulfill their needs and support their skills. Librarians play positive roles in supporting the gifted and they can be trained on that. Researchers of gift in psychology and education should cooperate in applied research about the gifted libraries. The researcher recommended the establishment of specialized libraries for gifted children that initiate activities and programs specialized to them. a future plan for services of gifted children should be developed in addition to establishing a joint Arab scientific center for gifted education.