|作者：||Fani Lalidou, George Kolios, Anna Tavridou, Georgios I Drosos|
1Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupolis, Greece.
2Laboratory of Pharmacology Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupolis, Greece.
|刊名：||Surgical technology international, 2014, Vol.25|
|来源数据库：||Surgical Technology Online|
|原始语种摘要：||Osteomyelitis is a bone infection accompanied by inflammatory process, which can lead to destruction and bone necrosis. It is difficult to manage, and there are no commonly accepted guidelines. While most acute bone infections are usually successfully treated with intravenous antibiotics, chronic infections and infections in the presence of foreign materials usually require operative treatment with debridement, removal of metals, intravenous antibiotics, and very often local antibiotics. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the existing literature concerning the use of bone grafts as carriers for local antibiotic delivery for the treatment and prevention of bone infections. According to the literature, antibiotic-loaded autologous bone grafts for the treatment of... infected tibial nonunion is a good option (Grade-B recommendations). Although there are several studies concerning the use of antibiotic-loaded allogenic bone grafts in infected joint arthroplasty revisions, there is a lack of comparative studies (Grade-C recommendations). Studies concerning spinal fusion and spondylodiscitis are limited (Grade-I recommendations).|