Single-port three-dimensional endoscopic subcutaneous mastectomy for gynaecomastia: an aesthetically superior and novel approach
作者: Chi Wei Mok Jun Xian Jeffrey Hing Su-Ming Tan
刊名: Mini-invasive Surgery, 2019, Vol.3 (12)
来源数据库: OAE Publishing Inc.
DOI: 10.20517/2574-1225.2019.39
关键词: GynaecomastiaSubcutaneous mastectomyEndoscopicEndoscopic-assistedThree-dimensionalSingle portInsufflation
原始语种摘要: Gynaecomastia is a benign clinical condition that can occur in men of all ages, attributed by the proliferation of glandular tissue. Most patients are asymptomatic while symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain can present in patients with gynaecomastia. In addition to these, this condition may affect the psychological well-being of patients leading to a need for further treatment. Medical treatment of primary gynaecomastia in the form of anti-oestrogen therapy has not been proven to be effective and there is no consensus regarding the drug of choice or optimal duration of treatment. Surgical treatment is usually the standard treatment in primary gynaecomastia. There have been various techniques described in the literature with the aim of restoring a pleasant chest shape with...
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  • mastectomy 乳房切除
  • gynaecomastia 男子女性型乳房
  • subcutaneous 皮下的
  • dimensional 量纲的
  • incision 切开
  • oestrogen 雌激素
  • axillary 腋生的
  • areolar 网形的
  • aesthetically 有审美能力地
  • superior 优秀的