Agricultural Employment, Wages and Poverty in Developing Countries
作者: Katsushi IMAI Raghav GAIHA & Constanza DI NUCCI
刊名: Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), 2014, Vol.5 (2), pp.145-185
来源数据库: Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development
关键词: AgriculturePovertyEmploymentWage
原始语种摘要: Drawing upon panel data estimations, we have analyzed relationships between agricultural productivity, employment, technology, openness of the economy, inequality in land distribution and poverty. First, we have identified a number of important factors affecting agricultural productivity, such as agricultural R&D expenditure, irrigation, fertilizer use, agricultural tractor/machinery use, reduction in inequality of land distribution, and reduction in gender inequality. Second, while agricultural wage rates are negatively associated with agricultural productivity and food price in terms of levels, rising agricultural wage rates are positively correlated with growth in agricultural land and/or labor productivity as well as with growth in food prices, particularly after 2000. Contrary to the...
全文获取路径: IPAID 

  • employment 雇用
  • productivity 生产能力
  • prices 行情
  • poverty 贫穷
  • equality 相等
  • expenditure 支出
  • agricultural 农业的
  • openness 开放
  • growth 生长
  • labor 工作