Monopoleantimonopole: interaction, scattering and creation
刊名: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
来源数据库: Royal Society
原始语种摘要: The interaction of a magnetic monopole–antimonopole pair depends on their separation as well as on a second ‘twist’ degree of freedom. This novel interaction leads to a non-trivial bound state solution known as a sphaleron and to scattering in which the monopole–antimonopoles bounce off each other and do not annihilate. The twist degree of freedom also plays a role in numerical experiments in which gauge waves collide and create monopole–antimonopole pairs. Similar gauge wavepacket scatterings in the Abelian–Higgs model lead to the production of string loops that may be relevant to superconductors. Ongoing numerical experiments to study the production of electroweak sphalerons that result in changes in the Chern–Simons number, and hence baryon number, are also described but have not yet...
全文获取路径: The Royal Society 

  • interaction 相互酌
  • creation 创造
  • number 号码
  • issue 
  • production 生产
  • monopole 单极
  • meeting 相遇
  • gauge 测定
  • second 
  • freedom 自由