The inevitability of sphalerons in field theory
刊名: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
来源数据库: Royal Society
原始语种摘要: The topological structure of field theory often makes inevitable the existence of stable and unstable localized solutions of the field equations. These are minima and saddle points of the energy. Saddle point solutions occurring this way are known as sphalerons, and the most interesting one is in the electroweak theory of coupled W, Z and Higgs bosons. The topological ideas underpinning sphalerons are reviewed here.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Topological avatars of new physics’.
全文获取路径: The Royal Society 

  • topological 拓扑的
  • saddle 
  • points 
  • underpinning 加固基础
  • coupled 耦合
  • inevitability 必然性
  • stable 稳定的
  • inevitable 必然
  • localized 修]定位[域
  • discussion 讨论