The Effects of Income Transparency on Well-Being: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
收入透明度对幸福感的影响:来自自然实验的证据
作者: Ricardo Perez-Truglia
作者单位: 1Anderson School of Management, University of California, Los Angeles (email: ricardo.truglia@anderson.ucla.edu )
刊名: American Economic Review, 2020, Vol.110 (4), pp.1019-1054
来源数据库: American Economic Association
DOI: 10.1257/aer.20160256
原始语种摘要: In 2001, Norwegian tax records became easily accessible online, allowing everyone in the country to observe the incomes of everyone else. According to the income comparisons model, this change in transparency can widen the gap in well-being between richer and poorer individuals. Using survey data from 1985–2013 and multiple identification strategies, we show that the higher transparency increased the gap in happiness between richer and poorer individuals by 29 percent, and it increased the life satisfaction gap by 21 percent. We provide back-of-the-envelope estimates of the importance of income comparisons, and discuss implications for the ongoing debate on transparency policies. (JEL D31, H24, I31, K34 )
全文获取路径: 美国经济学会 
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • income 收入
  • percent 百分率
  • transparency 透萌
  • country 地方
  • discuss 议论
  • importance 重要性
  • between 在中间
  • everyone 每人
  • satisfaction 满意
  • accessible 易接近的