Pathophysiologic Perspectives on Muscle Tension Dysphonia
作者: James P Dworkin-Valenti Robert J Stachler Noah SternEsmael H Amjad
刊名: Archives of Otolaryngology and Rhinology, 2018, Vol.4 (1), pp.001-010
来源数据库: Peertechz Publications Private Limited
DOI: 10.17352/2455-1759.000065
原始语种摘要: It is difficult to quantify the incidence of hyperfunctional muscle tension dysphonia (H-MTD). Although voice disorders in general have been noted to affect approximately 10% of the population in the United States, up to 40% of patient visits to voice specialists are for symptoms of H-MTD. Clearly this condition is a very common vocal pathology, yet its differential diagnosis is not always straightforward. The primary purpose of this tutorial is to present a comprehensive literature review on this condition, with particular focus on alternative etiologic theories and differential diagnostic and treatment techniques. The secondary purpose of this tutorial is to increase awareness that this disorder is a complex condition with highly variable causes, features, and treatment requirements. As...
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关键词翻译
关键词翻译
  • information 报告
  • purpose 目的
  • forthcoming 即将到来的
  • particular 细致的
  • general 普遍的
  • especially 特别地
  • always 总是
  • options 保留购买权
  • review 复审
  • standard 标准